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  • Byproduct production of minor metals: Threat or

    01/09/2013· Anyway, the observation of the past productions for byproduct and primary metals leads us to think that the availability of most minor metals is not threatened. Although the byproduct minor metals demand and production grow faster than the demand and production of primary metals, we cannot observe a drastic increase in byproduct prices. The gallium and indium productions increased by 9%

  • Byproduct production of minor metals: Threat or

    We will analyze the byproduct status affecting almost each minor metal in order to determine if the link with the metal main product can involve a threat for clean technology development. This paper will also deal with the theory and implications of the relationship between the byproduct and the main-product and then check it with empirical data. Until now, byproduct metal production and its variations seem relatively independent from major metal production

  • Byproduct production of minor metals: Threat or

    Byproduct production of minor metals: Threat or opportunity for the development of clean technologies? The PV sector as an illustration The PV sector as an illustration September 2013

  • Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or

    Florian Fizaine. Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or opportunity for the development of clean technologies? The PV sector as an illustration. Resources Policy, Elsevier, 2013, 38, pp.373-383. halshs-01227250

  • EconPapers: Byproduct production of minor metals: Threat

    Byproduct production of minor metals: Threat or opportunity for the development of clean technologies? The PV sector as an illustration. Florian Fizaine. Resources Policy, 2013, vol. 38, issue 3, 373-383 Abstract: Today, the fight against global warming and the coming hydrocarbon exhaustion involve a drastic increase of clean energies. These technologies resort to many minor metals which

  • Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or

    Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or opportunity for the development of clean technologies? The PV sector as an illustration

  • DeepDyve Unlimited Access to Peer-Reviewed Journals

    01/09/2013· DeepDyve is the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

  • Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or

    Florian Fizaine. Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or opportunity for the development of clean technologies? The PV sector as an illustration. Resources Policy, Elsevier, 2013, 38, pp.373-383. halshs-01227250

  • Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or

    Byproduct production of minor metals: threat or opportunity for the development of clean technologies? The PV sector as an illustration

  • DeepDyve Unlimited Access to Peer-Reviewed Journals

    01/09/2013· We regret to inform you that the publisher of this article, Elsevier, has removed their content from DeepDyve. Unfortunately, we are not in a position to offer options for how you might affordably access their content.

  • Minor metals Wikipedia

    Minor metals is a widely used term in the metal industry that generally refers to metals which are a by-product of smelting a base metal. Minor metals do not have a real exchange, and are not traded on the London Metal Exchange (LME).

  • Minor Metals: mostly unseen but crucial for the future

    According to the Minor Metals Trade Association, the 49 minor metals are defined as those metals that are predominantly by-product metals that are not exchange traded. They are lower volume, but often higher value metals, critical to a multitude of sectors.

  • Minor Metals & Mineral Conservation an Overview:

    According to Mine Fund bulletin 2011 (Alpha Fund, LLC) “minor metals are so described not because they are unimportant, but because their productions is relatively small and they are usually by-products of other metal. They are also defined by their comparatively specialized uses and difficulty in refining for manufacturing.” The World Finance report (April 2011) “steel and aluminium are two prime major metals

  • Byproduct metal requirements for U.S. wind and solar

    The need for additional solar PV modules and wind turbines will, among other things, result in greater demand for a number of minor metals that are produced mainly or only as byproducts. In this analysis, the quantities of 11 byproduct metals (Ag, Cd, Te, In, Ga, Se, Ge, Nd, Pr, Dy, and Tb) required for wind turbines with rare-earth permanent magnets and four solar PV technologies are assessed through the

  • Volatility of by-product metal and mineral prices

    These technologies resort to many minor metals which are byproduct of major metals. We will take the definition of Hagelüken and Mesker (2010, Complex Life Cycles of Precious and Special Metals

  • Critical Minerals and U.S. Public Policy

    28/06/2019· lower-cost production, as well as a number of environmental (e.g., a pipeline spill carrying 3 Minor metals are primarily byproducts of base metals (e.g., copper, iron, nickel, zinc) and typically not traded on exchanges. 4 The National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Critical and Strategic Mineral Supply Chains

  • Mining Metals for a Renewable Energy Future

    13/02/2018· Metals which could see a growing market include aluminum (including its key constituent, bauxite), cobalt, copper, iron ore, lead, lithium, nickel, manganese, the platinum group of metals, silver, steel, titanium, zinc, and rare earth metals including cadmium, molybdenum, neodymium, and indium. The report maps production and reserve levels of relevant metals globally, focusing on implications